312 Eberhart Building • 336-334-5391 • biology.uncg.edu

Administration
Matina Kalcounis-Rüpppell, Department Head
Paul Steimle, Director of Graduate Study

About
Graduate students enrolled in either program have the opportunity to work with a research advisor from among 23 full-time faculty. Research areas range from the ecological to the cellular level, and include aquatic ecology, trophic interactions in lakes and streams, plant-microbe-herbivore interactions, microbial food chains, infectious disease ecology, plant evolution and population ecology, animal behavior, aging, cell motility, developmental, chromosome, cell cycle and viral genetics, neuroendocrine control of metamorphosis and glucose homeostasis. (Click (https://biology.uncg.edu/position/research-faculty/) for a detailed descriptions of faculty research). The broad range of training and research expertise among faculty members allows for an integrative approach to research studies in Biology for the MS degree and in Environmental Health Science for the PhD degree. Faculty in the department are funded from the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and a variety of private funding agencies.

Mission statement
The UNCG Department of Biology endeavors towards excellence in conducting research and teaching biological concepts and skills to biology majors and graduate students, to prepare them for professional careers and more advanced study. We introduce non-biology majors to the foundations and applications of biology. By involving undergraduate and graduate students in research, we contribute to and increase society’s knowledge across the broad spectrum of biology. We train doctoral students in Environmental Health Science, a complex and rapidly changing discipline. Through laboratory training and directed research experiences, we enhance our students’ technical and analytical skills so that they can contribute meaningfully to an increasingly technological world. Our leadership in scientific innovation and discovery serves our students, profession, and our local and global communities.

Graduate Programs

  • Master of Science (MS) in Biology, (30)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Environmental Health Science, (55)
Professors

  • Amy L. Adamson, Virus-host cell interactions. (E)
  • Stanley H. Faeth, Community ecology, ecology and evolution of species interactions, urban ecology (E)
  • Anne E. Hershey, Aquatic ecology, lake trophic interactions, nutrient limitation and organic matter processing in arctic lakes, urban streams, and reservoirs. (E)
  • Matina C. Kalcounis-Rüppell, Mammal behavior and ecology (Head of Department). (E)
  • Bruce K. Kirchoff, Evolution of development, plant morphology and systematics, biological pedagogy. (E)
  • Esther M. Leise, Neurobiology, settlement and metamorphosis of marine invertebrates. (E)
  • Parke A. Rublee, Microbial food webs in aquatic ecosystems. (E)
  • Olav Rüppell, Honey bee health, evolutionary genetics and genomics, life history and behavior, and aging. (E)
  • Robert H. Stavn, Aquatic ecology, optical oceanography, ecology, zooplankton and lake optics. (E)
  • Paul A. Steimle, Molecular mechanisms of cell motility (Director of Graduate Study). (E)

Associate Professors

  • Yunbo Li, Molecular and cellular pharmacology and toxicology, cardiovascular medicine, cancer biology, natural products, drug discovery and development and inflammation.
  • Zhenquan Jia, Molecular toxicology. (E)
  • Karen S. Katula, Gene regulation, cell cycle control. (E)
  • Yashomati M. Patel, Diabetes, obesity and breast cancer biology. (E)
  • David L. Remington, Genetics of complex traits and adaptive evolution in plants. (E)
  • Malcolm Schug, Population genetics and evolutionary biology. (E)
  • John E. Tomkiel, Mechanisms of chromosome segregation, Drosophila genetics. (E)
  • Gideon Wasserberg, Ecology of infectious diseases, community ecology, ecological modeling (E)

Assistant Professor

  • Martin Tsz-Ki Tsui, Water resources. (E)

Emeritus Professors

  • Robert E. Cannon, Microbiology. (E)
  • Vincent C. Henrich, Molecular aspects of hormonal regulation in development. (E)
  • Elizabeth P. Lacey, Evolutionary plant ecology, parental/maternal effects, phenotypic plasticity, reproductive thermoregulation. (E)

Adjunct Graduate Faculty

  • Barbara Blake, Mammalogy.
  • Jessica Homyack.
  • Timothy Johnston, Comparative studies of behavioral development and evolution, and the history of developmental theories in psychology and biology. (E)
  • Promod R. Pratap, Biophysical dynamics of active-transport systems, kinetics of the sodium pump (Na+-K+-ATPase) in mammalian kidney. (E)

Adjunct Associate Professors

  • Barbara Blake, Mammalogy.
  • Promod R. Pratap, Biophysical dynamics of active-transport systems, kinetics of the sodium pump (Na+-K+-ATPase) in mammalian kidney. (E)

Master of Science (MS) in Biology, (30)

The 30-hour MS in Biology prepares students for careers in the biological sciences, and it provides a strong foundation for further academic training, such as medical school or a doctoral program. An advisory committee works closely with each student to tailor a specific curriculum to meet that student’s needs and interests. Students typically complete work for the master’s degree in 2-3 years.

Students in the biology master’s program have research and/or course work opportunities that reflect the diverse interests of faculty members within the Department. Please see the description of research of Biology faculty members and description of graduate courses in Biology.

The capstone experience provides graduates with specific knowledge and skills to be competitive in the life-sciences workplace. The capstone experience is a thesis or comprehensive written examination. Students will choose a capstone experience (thesis or exam) before matriculation into the program.

Application and Admission
For information regarding deadlines and requirements for admission, please see the Guide to Graduate Admissions.

In addition to the application materials required by The Graduate School, applicants must submit a personal statement explaining how the master’s degree at UNCG will help them achieve their career ambitions. Qualified applicants will have a strong undergraduate background in biology and science.

Degree Requirements
The MS in Biology requires 30 semester hours.

Biology Electives (24-30)

Students writing a thesis as a capstone experience must have at least 15 hours (including 6 hours of BIO 699 thesis) in 600-749 level courses.

Students taking a comprehensive examination as a capstone experience must have at least 15 hours in 600-749 level courses and cannot enroll in BIO 695, BIO 699, BIO 801 or BIO 803.

Students will select 24-30 hours from graduate level biology courses; up to 8 of these hours can be taken at the graduate level in other departments with the prior approval of the Director of Graduate Study.

Prior to the end of the first semester of enrollment, each student is expected to identify a Master of Science Advisory Committee composed of an advisor and two other faculty members; the Director of Graduate Study must approve the composition of the committee.

Environmental Health Science, PhD (55)

The PhD in Environmental Health Science requires a minimum of 55 semester hours and prepares students for senior-level positions in professions related to environmental health science in its broadest sense. The program trains students to become leaders in biological research relevant to environmental issues that directly and/or indirectly affect human health, and the program trains students to convey information effectively to the public. Students acquire an understanding of the multidisciplinary nature of environmental health issues from ecosystem to molecular levels. Students learn relevant research skills and conduct research under the guidance of one or more faculty members in the department.

Application and Admission
For information regarding deadlines and requirements for admission, please see the Guide to Graduate Admissions.

In addition to the application materials required by The Graduate School, applicants must submit a Curriculum Vitae and a personal statement that includes educational background, professional activities, research interests, career goals, reasons for choosing the program, and UNCG faculty whose research is of interest.

Degree Requirements
The departmental Graduate Studies Committee determines the number of non-dissertation credit hours required based on a student’s prior course work. No more than 25% of total hours (exclusive of dissertation) may be at the 500 level.

Required Core Courses (17)
BIO 600 Introduction to Graduate Studies (1)
BIO 707 Seminar in Environmental Health Science (2)
BIO 731 Environmental Health Science I: Ecosystems to Individuals (3)
BIO 732 Environmental Health Science II: Individuals to Molecules (3)
BIO 734 Current Research in Environmental Health Science (1; 3 required)
BIO 749 Research Lab Rotations (1)
STA 661 Advanced Statistics in the Behavioral and Biological Sciences I (3)

Electives (Minimum of 9)
Students, with the approval of the departmental Graduate Studies Committee, research advisor, and/or Dissertation Committee, will select additional courses that pertain to their area of research to fulfil their degree requirements. A minimum of 9 hours of biology courses at the 500-700 level must be earned and a maximum of 6 credit hours can be at the 500 level.

Research and Dissertation (Minimum of 29)
BIO 790 Directed Study in Environmental Health Science (1-6)
BIO 791 Independent Doctoral Research (1-6)
BIO 799 Dissertation (1-18)

Comprehensive Examination
The comprehensive examination consists of a written research proposal that must be orally defended in a public seminar and before a student’s dissertation committee. Successful completion and defense of the proposal allows the student to achieve candidate status, and thus, register for BIO 791 Independent Doctoral Research and BIO 799.

Dissertation Defense
Students must present a seminar that is open to the public and satisfactorily defend their completed dissertation research to her/his dissertation committee.

BIO 501 Advanced Topics in Animal Ecology (3:3)
Directed readings in the literature of physiological ecology, growth and regulation of populations, community structure, energy flow, mineral cycling, and other areas of current research interest.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 502 Advanced Topics in Animal Physiology (3:3)
Study of physiological mechanisms; selected problems from current literature.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 503 Advanced Topics in Biochemistry (3:3)
Directed readings and reports from the biochemical literature. Structure and biosynthesis of macromolecules and the composition and kinetic characteristics of biochemical pathways.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 504 Advanced Topics in Cell Biology (3:3)
Advanced treatment of cell biology covering selected topics such as gene regulation, protein sorting, cell cycle control, apoptosis. The course will consist of lectures and discussion of research articles.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 505 Advanced Topics in Ecological Physiology (3:3)
Study of a major topic in ecological physiology of animals, including mechanisms by which physiological processes change in response to environmental alterations and the ecological significance of those changes.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 506 Advanced Topics in Genetics (3:3)
Basic mechanisms of gene action in microbes, animals, and plants.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 507 Advanced Topics in Neurobiology (3:3)
Directed readings on fundamental physiological principles of nervous system functioning. Topics may include motor pattern generation, sensory transduction, sensori-motor integration, neurohormonal modulation of behavior.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 509 Advanced Topics in Microbiology (3:3)
Critical review of current research covering a wide range of topics including infectious diseases, bacterial physiology, marine microbiology, and immunology. Focus on students’ interests or needs.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 510 Advanced Topics in Plant Ecology (3:3)
Studies of special terrestrial communities or plant groups.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 511 Advanced Topics in Plant Physiology (3:3)
The physiology of growth and development in vascular plants treated in terms of phytohormones, nutrition, theories of transport, and environmental factors.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 512 Advanced Topics in Plant Structure and Evolution (3:3)
Study of current topics in plant structure, development, and evolution. A term paper is normally required.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 513 Advanced Topics in Reproductive Biology (3:3)
Directed readings and original research on reproductive biology, with emphasis on structural, regulatory, behavioral, and evolutionary aspects.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 515 Advanced Topics in Vertebrate History (3:3)
Directed/independent study of classification and phylogeny of particular vertebrate groups that results in a term paper.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor

BIO 520 Ecosystem Ecology (3:3)
Introduction to ecosystem function, structure, and dynamics; basic ecosystem theories; discussions of key processes governing energy flow and nutrient cycling; comparison of ecosystems; selected original literature.
Prerequisite
BIO 301
Offered
Alt Spring

BIO 522 Landscape Ecology (3:3)
Introduction to patch-corridor-matrix structure of landscapes and their impact on ecological processes. Discussion of landscape indices, spatial heterogeneity, current issues, and general approaches in landscape ecology.
Prerequisite
BIO 301; STA 271 recommended
Corequisite
BIO 523
Offered
Fall

BIO 523 Landscape Ecology Laboratory (1:0:4)
Field labs to observe different landscape structures and conduct course projects for comprehending principles of landscape ecology. Students will use computer labs for GIS basics, landscape analyses.
Prerequisite
BIO 301
Corequisite
BIO 522
Offered
Fall

BIO 526 Conservation Biology (3:3)
Introduction to habitat and species conservation; topics include genetic diversity, demographic patterns of rare species, habitat fragmentation, design and management of nature reserves, ecological restoration.
Prerequisite
BIO 301 and BIO 392; STA 271 recommended
Offered
Even Fall

BIO 527 Terrestrial Plant Ecology (3:2:3)
Application of principles of ecology to plants and plant communities. Experimental methods stressed in laboratory work. Two required weekend field trips.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor
Offered
Odd Fall

BIO 528 Microbial Ecology (3:3)
Emphasis on current areas of active research with reference to applied problems.
Prerequisite
BIO 280 or BIO 481, or permission of instructor
Offered
Even Spring

BIO 529 Aquatic Ecology (3:3)
The study of the geology, physics, chemistry, and ecology of lakes, including reservoirs and streams with comparisons to the ocean.
Prerequisite
BIO 301 and CHE 114, or permission of instructor

BIO 530 Aquatic Ecology Laboratory (1:0:4)
Practical study of water chemistry methods, lake and stream morphometry, identification of freshwater zooplankton, benthic invertebrates and fish, and field trips to area reservoirs and streams.
Prerequisite
BIO 301
Corequisite
BIO 529
Offered
Fall

BIO 535 Biochemistry: Metabolic Regulation in Health and Disease (3:3)
Chemical properties of major cellular compounds; biosynthesis, degradation, and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, vitamins, and hormones; energy metabolism; enzymatic catalysis.
Prerequisite
BIO 355 or BIO 392, or permission of instructor
Offered
Spring

BIO 536 Biology of Aging (3:3)
An integrative look at biological theory and mechanisms to explain the diversity of the aging process, including human implications.
Prerequisite
BIO 301, BIO 355, BIO 392, or permission of instructor
Offered
Alt Fall

BIO 538 Human Evolutionary Genetics (3:3)
Study of primary literature testing hypotheses about human ancestory and evolution using molecular genetic methods.
Prerequisite
BIO 330, BIO 392, or permission of instructor

BIO 540 Genes and Signals (3:3)
Investigates the regulation of gene expression in bacteria, yeast, and higher eukaryotes, and explores how such regulatory systems have evolved.
Prerequisite
BIO 355 and BIO 392
Offered
Alt Spring

BIO 541 Entomology (3:2:3)
A theoretical and practical overview of the insect orders, selected topics of insect behavior, ecology, and evolution, and an introduction to human-insect interactions.
Prerequisite
BIO 301 and BIO 341, or permission of instructor. BIO 392 recommended.
Offered
Alt Fall

BIO 543 Biophysics (3:3)
Introduction to cellular biophysics, with emphasis on the physical properties of membranes, including membrane transport mechanisms and electrical properties of membranes.
Cross Listed Courses
Same as PHY 543
Prerequisite
BIO 355; and PHY 211/PHY 212 or PHY 291/PHY 292; and MAT 191; and CHE 114; or permission of instructor.
Offered
Alt Fall

BIO 545 General Biochemistry Laboratory (1:0:3)
Experimental work designed to complement lecture material of 535.
Prerequisite OR Corequisite
BIO 535
Offered
Fall

BIO 549 Current Topics in Biology (1–3)
Advanced topics courses in the biological sciences. Topics vary with instructor.
Prerequisite
BIO 112 and permission of instructor

BIO 552 Metamorphosis (3:3)
Readings, discussions, and oral presentations of current literature on metamorphosis in animals. Mechanisms controlling metamorphosis, evolution of complex life cycles, and adaptations to differing habitats.
Prerequisite
Three from BIO 301, 302, 322, 341, 355, 370, or 392 or permission of instructor

BIO 554 Vascular Plant Systematics (4:3:3)
Principles, methods and the history of systematic biology are covered in the context of vascular plant classification and evolution.
Prerequisite
BIO 330 or BIO 301 or BIO 392 or graduate standing in Biology

BIO 555 Vertebrate Reproduction (3:3)
An advanced treatment of the diversity of vertebrate reproductive biology, with emphasis on structural, regulatory, behavioral, and evolutionary aspects.
Prerequisite
One of BIO 277, BIO 370, BIO 425, BIO 453, BIO 464, or BIO 477

BIO 560 Symbiosis (3:3)
Symbiotic interactions of living organisms from an evolutionary perspective. Metabolic, genetic, behavioral, and ecological adaptations which allow symbioses to be formed and maintained will be discussed.
Prerequisite
Three from BIO 301, BIO 322, BIO 341, BIO 354, BIO 355, BIO 370, or BIO 392, or permission of instructor
Offered
Odd Spring

BIO 567 Chemical Senses (3:3)
Exploration and interactive discussion of chemosensory stimuli, chemosensory transduction mechanisms, neural processing of chemosensory information, and organismal consequences of chemoreception.
Prerequisite
BIO 355, and one of the following: BIO 277, BIO 472, BIO 477, BIO 479, PSY 435, PSY 436, or permission of instructor

BIO 573 Drugs and the Brain (3:3)
Pharmacology of major neurotransmitter systems in the brain and nervous system. Actions of clinically relevant drugs on these systems will be analyzed along with major drugs of abuse.
Prerequisite
BIO 355, and one of the following: BIO 277, BIO 477, BIO 479, PSY 230; or permission of instructor.
Offered
Alt Fall
Notes
CHE 351 recommended.

BIO 575 Neuroanatomical Techniques (3:2:4)
Practical experience with a variety of neuroanatomical procedures used to investigate the structural framework of nervous systems in invertebrate and vertebrate preparations. Students will learn to conduct independent projects.
Prerequisite
BIO 111 and BIO 112, and BIO 355 and one of the following: BIO 453, BIO 472, BIO 477, BIO 479, PSY 435, or permission of instructor
Offered
Odd Spring

BIO 578 Hormones in Action (3:3)
Hormonal signaling in humans and other animals is examined using developmental, physiological, behavioral, cellular, and molecular perspectives, with special emphasis on the adrenal glands and the gonads.
Prerequisite
BIO 355 and BIO 392

BIO 579 Environmental Physiology (3:3)
Lectures, discussions, and student presentations on the physiology of animals as it is influenced by and is adapted to environmental conditions.
Prerequisite
BIO 112, and BIO 341 or BIO 355 or BIO 370, and BIO 277 or BIO 477
Offered
Odd Fall

BIO 583 Virology (3:3)
Selected topics in virology. Emphasis upon new trends in the study of animal, plant, and bacterial viruses at both molecular and cellular levels.
Prerequisite
BIO 355 and 392, or permission of instructor
Offered
Even Spring

BIO 584 Immunology (3:3)
Principles of immunology and serology covering both humoral and cellular aspects of immunobiology. Selected topics include: T and B cell, immunoglobulins, tolerance, hypersensitivity.
Prerequisite
BIO 481 or permission of instructor
Offered
Odd Spring

BIO 586 Cell Cycle and Cancer (3:3)
Molecular basis of cell division and cancer examined through lectures and discussions of primary literature. Topics include cell cycle control, genomic stability, carcinogenesis, and cancer genetics.
Prerequisite
BIO 355 and BIO 392, or permission of instructor
Offered
Alt Spring

BIO 587 Epigenetics (3:3)
Study of epigenetic mechanisms involved in chromatin structure, DNA and histone modifications, gene expression, dosage compensation, imprinting, heterochromatin structure, stem cell differentiation, development, human disease and environmental-gene interactions. Alt Fall
Prerequisite
BIO 355 and BIO 392
Offered
Alt Fall

BIO 589 Experimental Course
This number reserved for experimental courses. Refer to the Course Schedule for current offerings.

BIO 590 Introduction to Mathematical Models in Biology (3:3)
Exploration of research and methodology at the interface of mathematics and biology, with an overview of relevant fields and in-depth case studies. Focus will be on mathematical models in biology.
Cross Listed Courses
Same as MAT 590.
Prerequisite
B-or higher in BIO 112 and either MAT 191 or STA 271; or permission of instructor

BIO 591 Population Genetics and Molecular Evolution (3:3)
Application of population genetic and molecular evolutionary theory to the study of natural history, natural selection, genome variation and organization, human evolution, conservation biology, and forensics.
Prerequisite
BIO 392 or permission of instructor
Offered
Alt Spring

BIO 593 Genetics of Complex Traits (3:3)
Theory, experimental methods, and analysis related to the genetic basis for variation in complex traits, including quantitative and threshold traits in animals and plants, and complex human diseases.
Prerequisite
BIO 392 or permission of the instructor
Offered
Alt Spring

BIO 595 Advanced Genetics (3:3)
Selected topics in genetics at an advanced level. Emphasis placed on comparative view of molecular mechanisms underlying animal and plant development.
Prerequisite
BIO 392
Offered
Even Spring

BIO 596 Molecular Biological Approaches in Research (1:1)
Use of novel molecular approaches to address current questions in the life sciences will be explored by analyzing recent research reports and learning the principles underlying these approaches.
Prerequisite
BIO 392
Notes
May be repeated for a total of 3 sh credit.

BIO 597 Workshops in Biotechnology (1:0:3)
Individual, intensive four-week workshops focused on specific techniques in biotechnology. Provides hands-on experience designing and implementing a focused project utilizing current methods and bioinformatics.
Prerequisite
BIO 494 or permission of instructor
Offered
Fall & Spring
Notes
May be repeated for credit as long as letter suffix of course differs: workshops of a given letter may be taken only once.

BIO 600 Introduction to Graduate Studies (1:1)
Training in research ethics and oral-visual communication. Topics include plagiarism, experimental design, statistical interpretation, conflicts of interest, animal safety, authorship, peer review, and scientific presentations.
Prerequisite
Biology graduate student or permission of instructor

BIO 601 Seminar in Animal Ecology (3:3)
Literature of animal ecology including both classical and recent papers; using student presentations and class discussions, the ontogeny of some overarching ecological themes explored.
Prerequisite
BIO 301

BIO 602 Seminar in Animal Physiology (3:3)
Discussion of recent breakthroughs in topics ranging from the hormonal and neural mechanisms involved in homeostasis to the interactive effects of physiology and behavior.
Prerequisite
BIO 477

BIO 603 Seminar in Biochemistry (3:3)
Study of recent progress in biochemical research; reading, discussion, and critical evaluation of current literature.
Prerequisite
At least one previous course in biochemistry

BIO 604 Seminar in Ecological Physiology (3:3)
Discussions of primary literature in the physiological ecology of animals.
Prerequisite
BIO 477, BIO 505, or BIO 579

BIO 605 Seminar in Ecology (3:3)
Broad view of ecological literature and in-depth studies of selected aspects of population and community ecology.
Prerequisite
Previous course in ecology

BIO 606 Seminar in Evolutionary Biology (3:3)
Discussion of fundamental concepts involving the interrelationships of population genetics, ecology, systematics, and neo-Darwinian evolution; review of recent literature.
Prerequisite
BIO 430 or permission of instructor

BIO 608 Seminar in Microbiology (3:3)
Study of recent progress in microbiological research; reading, discussion, and evaluation of current literature.
Prerequisite
BIO 481

BIO 609 Seminar in Molecular Cell Biology (3:3)
Topics in cell and molecular biology will be reviewed through discussion of research journal articles. Emphasis on modern experimental techniques and approaches.
Prerequisite
BIO 355

BIO 610 Seminar in Molecular Genetics (3:3)
Recent advances in molecular genetics; reinforcing basic concepts underlying these developments and understanding their impact on the life sciences.
Prerequisite
BIO 355 and BIO 392

BIO 612 Seminar in Plant Structure and Evolution (3:3)
Reading and discussion of current research in plant structure, development and evolution.
Prerequisite
BIO 322, BIO 354 or BIO 440

BIO 613 Seminar in Reproductive Biology (3:3)
Directed readings and original research on selected topics in reproductive biology, with emphasis on structural, regulatory, behavioral, and evolutionary aspects.
Prerequisite
BIO 464

BIO 614 Prenatal Development: Embryology and Teratology (3:3)
Human embryological development with emphasis on normal and abnormal development. Issues in teratology and birth defects, clinical problems associated with birth defects and their means of prevention.
Cross Listed Courses
GEN 614
Prerequisite
Enrollment in MS genetic counseling program or permission of instructor

BIO 616 Human Molecular Genetics (3:3)
Review and extension of basic principles of molecular genetics and their application for the characterization, understanding, and treatment of genetically based disorders and susceptibilities.
Cross Listed Courses
GEN 616
Prerequisite
Enrollment in MS genetic counseling program or permission of instructor

BIO 621 General Biology for Teachers I (3:3)
Topics include scientific method, biochemistry, cells, cellular processes, animal development, and animal physiology.
Prerequisite
Enrollment restricted to those seeking the MEd in comprehensive science.

BIO 622 General Biology for Teachers II (3:3)
Topics include botany, cell division, genetics, evolution, and ecology.
Prerequisite
BIO 621; enrollment restricted to those seeking the MEd in comprehensive science.

BIO 625 Advanced Animal Behavior (3:3)
Current research and theories including development and evolution of behavior, sociobiology, behavioral genetics, behavioral ecology, and the use of comparative method.
Cross Listed Courses
PSY 726
Prerequisite
BIO 435, or BIO 436, or BIO 438, or permission of instructor

BIO 635 Molecular Toxicology (3:3)
Molecular mechanisms involved in the toxicant-induced adverse health effects and discussion of molecular pathways altered in cells in response to environmental xenobiotic exposure.

BIO 636 Ecotoxicology (3:3)
This course is designed to provide an in-depth understanding of the sources and transport of environmental pollutants, and their adverse ecological impacts.
Prerequisite
Introductory undergraduate-level course in Ecology or Environmental Sciences, or equivalent, or by permission of the instructor

BIO 641 Stream Ecology (3:3)
Study of ecology and management of flowing water ecosystems. Topics such as community and ecosystem processes, major paradigms, management of point versus non-point pollutants, and restoration addressed.
Prerequisite
BIO 301 or equivalent

BIO 645 Ecoepidemiology of Infectious Diseases (4:3:3)
Understanding and managing emerging infectious diseases, primarily zoonotic, using an ecologically-based approach. Students learn theory and skills in the epidemiology and ecology of infectious diseases.
Prerequisite
Permission of instructor. Registration in both lecture and laboratory is mandatory.

BIO 658 Molecular Diagnostics (1:0:3)
A survey of current clinical methods used for the diagnosis of human genetic disorders. Special emphasis given to the molecular principles, interpretations, and limitations of these tests.
Cross Listed Courses
GEN 658
Prerequisite
Enrollment in MS genetic counseling program or permission of instructor

BIO 692 Genomics
An examination of genomic concepts and technologies; their application to understanding genome content, structure, function, and evolution; implications for understanding fundamental biological and health questions; and management of genomic data.
Prerequisite
392 or permission of instructor

BIO 695 Biological Research (1–6:0:3–18)
Student engages in advanced biological research under the supervision of a member of the Graduate Faculty. Course may be repeated with a maximum of 9 hours credit counting toward the MS degree.
Notes
Grade: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory, S/U

BIO 699 Thesis (1–6)
Individual research for the completion of a thesis. (Graded on an S-U basis)
Prerequisite
Successful presentation of thesis proposal to the Biology Department

BIO 707 Seminar in Environmental Health Science (2:2)
Development of critical-thinking and writing skills through discussions and critiques of primary literature in environmental health science and through writing assignments.
Prerequisite
Biology graduate student or permission of instructor

BIO 711 Experimental Course
This number reserved for experimental courses. Refer to the Course Schedule for current offerings.

BIO 731 Environmental Health Science I: Ecosystems to Individuals (3:3)
Causes of environmental problems that society faces and the effects on ecosystem and community function and species survival. Implications for environmental and human health are explored.
Prerequisite
Biology graduate student or permission of instructor

BIO 732 Environmental Health Science II: Individuals to Molecules (3:3)
Introduction to fundamentals of toxicology with a focus on toxicological consequences of environmental perturbations on physiological and cellular processes, genome structure, and gene function.
Prerequisite
Biology graduate student or permission of instructor

BIO 733 Workshops in Environmental Health Science (1:0.5:3)
Individual six-week workshops focusing on analytical tools and experimental approaches used in freshwater/riparian ecosystem analysis, environmental genomics, environmental forensics, and cellular/physiological research.
Prerequisite
Biology graduate student or permission of instructor

BIO 734 Current Research in Environmental Health Science (1:1)
Weekly discussion of research journal articles in the area of environmental health science. Students will present and discuss research journal articles.
Notes
May be repeated 2 times for a total of 3 credit hours.

BIO 749 Research Lab Rotations (1)
Optional course providing credit for participation in laboratory meetings and/or the initiation of preliminary research training in the labs of 1 to 3 potential thesis advisors.
Notes
Course may be repeated for a total of 3 hours credit. Grade: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory, S/U

BIO 790 Directed Study in Environmental Health Science (1–6)
Advanced research in environmental health science under the direction of a graduate faculty advisor. Preparation of doctoral research proposal and planning for dissertation research. May be repeated for a maximum of 12 hours credit counting towards the PhD degree.
Prerequisite
Admitted to PhD in environmental health science and approval of graduate faculty advisor
Notes
Grade: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory, S/U

BIO 791 Independent Doctoral Research (1–6)
Independent research in environmental health science related to the student’s primary area of research specialization leading to dissertation. May be repeated for a maximum of 15 hours credit counting towards the PhD degree.
Prerequisite
Admitted to candidacy
Notes
Grade: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory, S/U

BIO 799 Dissertation (1–18)
Individual research for the completion of the doctoral dissertation.
Prerequisite
Admitted to candidacy
Notes
May be repeated for a maximum of 18 hours credit. Grade: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory, S/U

BIO 801 Thesis Extension (1–3)

BIO 802 Dissertation Extension 1-3

BIO 803 Research Extension (1–3)